Presentation W O3

W O3 (Oral Presentation):
Identifying factors for work motivation in young disabled people

Presented by: Haije Wind

Authors

Wind H1,2, Faber B1,2, Frings-Dresen MHW1

  1. Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam
  2. Research Center for Insurance Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Abstract

Background

In most Western countries, the work population is at risk of becoming smaller because of aging. It emphasises the importance that all workers who have abilities to work should be actually participate in the labour market. Many young adults with disabilities are confronted with problems at entering the labour market and have a lower work participation rate than their healthy peers. Professionals who assess the work ability of these young adults in the context of work disability assessments should know how motivated they are to work, since the influence of motivation on employment has been well established in literature regarding young adults with disabilities. Motivation is a complex concept, especially when it is focused on work. The topic of our research is about this concept of motivation for work. We searched the literature systematically for aspects of motivation for work and the instruments that assess these aspects. The aim of this study was to develop a topic list that helps professionals in daily practice to identify a young disabled person’s motivation to work.

Methods

We systematically searched Pubmed, PsychInfo and Picarta for studies regarding aspects of work motivation on the one hand, and instruments that assess work motivation on the other hand. Based on the results of our literature study and the existing instruments, we developed a topic list.

Results

Of the 845 studies, 12 articles that describe aspects of work motivation and 17 articles describing instruments to assess work motivation were included. The aspects that we found were intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, goal setting, self-efficacy, expectancy, values and work readiness. Additionally, we found 15 different instruments that are used to assess the level of work motivation. We formulated seven open questions and corresponding topics for our topic list, such as: why do you want to work, what kind of expectations do you have and how confident do you feel about being able to find and keep a job successfully?

Conclusions

We found several motivational factors that may promote or hinder work participation. The questions we formulated, based on these factors, are open-ended to encourage meaningful answers. The next step is to assess whether the list is feasible for use by professionals and clients in practice.

Schedule Details

Wednesday October 1
14:00 - 15:30 Afternoon Concurrent Sessions (W O1 - W O4 and Seminars 7 and 8)
Session: Ethical issues and vulnerable workers
Room B