Presentation W P7

W P7 (Poster Presentation):
History of mental health problems matters: the educational or employment status of young adults

Presented by: Karin Veldman

Authors

Veldman K1, Reijneveld SA1, Almansa Ortiz J1, Ormel J2, Verhulst FC3, Bültmann U1

  1. Department of Health Sciences, Community & Occupational Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
  2. Interdisciplinary Center for Psychopathology and Emotion Regulation, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
  3. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Background

Regarding education and work, young adults either are at school, at work or Neither in Education, Employment or in Training (NEET). Young adults in NEET, and those at work without a basic educational level (BEL, i.e. without finishing secundary education) are at high risk of adverse labor market outcomes. Yet, longitudinal research linking mental health problems during childhood and adolescence to educational and employment outcomes among young adults is scarce. The aims of this study were to 1) identify trajectories of mental health problems from childhood to young adulthood and 2) investigate the relation between these trajectories and the educational or employment status of young adults.

Methods

Data were used from Tracking Adolescents’ Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), a Dutch prospective cohort study with 9 years’ follow-up. Trajectories of mental health problems, measured by the Youth Self-Report at ages 11, 13.5, 16 and 19 (total, externalizing, internalizing, and attention problems) were identified in 1711 young adults (76.8% of the initial cohort) with latent class growth models. Young adults were divided into two groups: at school or at work with BEL and at work without BEL or in NEET. We compared the two groups regarding mental health trajectories.

Results

For total problems, young adults at work without BEL and in NEET were more likely to belong to the trajectory with high-stable problems than to the low-stable trajectory (X2 = 11.79, p-value = 0.01). The same was found for externalizing problems (X2 = 10.45, p-value = 0.02). For internalizing and attention problems, we found no statistically significant differences in trajectories between the groups.

Conclusions

Young adults at work without BEL or in NEET are more likely to have high-stable trajectories of mental health problems from age 11 to 19. Interventions that reduce mental health problems in early adolescence may improve the educational and employment status of young adults and their chances for successfully entering the labor market.

Schedule Details

Wednesday October 1
13:00 - 14:00 Poster Viewing
Session: Vulnerable workers & ethical issues